For the First Time; NFHS Survey Shows That India Has More Women Than Men
India -The fifth National Family and Health Survey (NFHS) completed in 2019 and 2021 has observed that India presently has 1,020 ladies for every 1,000 men for the first time.
The NFHS survey has been carried out in around 6.1 lakh houses from 707 districts (as of March 2017), covering 724,115 ladies and 101,839 men to present disaggregated estimations up to the district level.
The survey found that India’s reproductive rate had descended to an average of 2, which is the first time it has been under replacement productivity levels. In metropolitan regions, it was even lower at 1.6.
This shows that not enough babies are taking birth to replace the older generation, recommending that India’s populace of near 1.4 billion might be close to its pinnacle, and is a massive shift for a country where in the 1950s women usually had six kids.
The predominately female populace is likewise surprising for India as for quite a long time, it has been witnessing “missing women”, referring to the large numbers of the girl child being killed before or after birth because of societal stigma.
The survey results show steps are being made in handling sex-selective fetus removals, neglect or malnutrition of girl child and women, and female foeticide that has profoundly reduced in India.
Poonam Muttreja, the chief executive of Population Foundation of India, stated that it is delighting in seeing the upgrades in the overall sex proportion. It reveals that the nation’s steps towards women empowerment and gender equality have brought positive results.
It has been noticed that in underdeveloped states and regions, the female and male ratio is better as medical facilities are yet to open up, says Amitabh Kundu, research consultant at Oxfam.
Experts say the decrease in sex ratio at birth needs a critical requirement to fortify prenatal and pre-conception diagnostic technique norms.