When Will India’s Lunar Spacecraft ‘Chandrayaan-3’ Land On The Moon?
India’s space agency, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), is set to launch Chandrayaan-3, its ambitious lunar mission, on June 14.
The spacecraft will be launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota. The target launch time is 2:35 pm on June 14. The launch vehicle, Mark-III (LVM-III), will carry the spacecraft to the Moon.
Chandrayaan-2, launched in 2019, took nearly 48 days to reach the Moon. Unlike the direct approach of the Apollo missions, Chandrayaan-2 will gradually raise its orbit and reach the Moon.
Chandrayaan-2 employed a series of complex orbital maneuvers slowly entered in the Moon orbit. Chandrayaan-3 will follow a similar approach and is expected to reach the Moon by the end of August if launched on July 14.
Once Chandrayaan-3 enters the Moon’s gravitational field, it will undergo a series of orbit-reducing maneuvers to lower its altitude and enter a circular orbit around the Moon.
This process, known as Lunar Orbit Insertion (LOI), involves precise engine firings. Following LOI, the mission will detach from the Propulsion Module, and the lander-rover combination will descend on the Moon’s surface for a soft landing.
This mission Chandrayaan-3 comes four years after the unsuccessful Chandrayaan-2 mission. In 2019, India launched Chandrayaan-2, which was a more ambitious mission that included a lander and rover. The lander successfully touched down on the Moon, but the rover failed to deploy.
But the Chandrayaan-3 is fully prepared to soft-land on the Moon’s surface and is equipped with a lander and rover.
India is the first and only country in the world, which successfully landed its unmanned spacecraft (Chandrayaan-1) on Moon in the very first attempt. No country has seized that till date.
ISRO’s Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft successfully landed on the Moon on November 8, 2008, in its very first attempt.
This was a major achievement for the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), and it showed that India was capable of competing with the world’s leading space programs.
The ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) is one of the fastest-growing space organizations in the world, and it is clear that India is a major player in the global space world.